Monthly Archives: November 2015

Check before you publish

The two main international and multidisciplinary databases of academic journals are ISI and Scopus. These two databases are usually used in the evaluation of academic performance in many countries. Each one has at least one indicator of quality of journals as well as quantity indicators. Web of Science (WoS) publishes anually the Journal Citation Report (JCR) for all journals in science and social sciences. Scopus publishes two quality indicators for journals: the Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) and SCImago Journal Rank (SJR), those values are provided free of charge in this url:
Also you can find all indicators of journals of Scopus and its evolution from 1999 to 2012, in the portal of free access SCImago Journal & Country Rank: This portal includes the journals and country scientific indicators developed from the information contained in the Scopus® database (Elsevier B.V.)

Publication malpractice is an unfortunate occurrence in the world of scholarly literature. It happens in all subject areas and in all jurisdictions and few journals or books are immune. Here , we have recently received notification of journals that purport to be indexed by Scopus or Web of Science (WoS) but really are not. These journals have even gone as far as to forge letters And just because a journal may have a Scopus or WoS logo on their web site, this does not mean they’re indexed in Scopus or WoS.

As an author, if you would like to know if your published article will be included in Scopus and WoS, we urge you to take note of the following before submitting your work to a journal or conference.

  • Check the title list. First check the publicly available Scopus title list and WoS title list.
  • Search in Scopus and WoS. Use a Scopus search and WoS browse search for the name of the journal or conference and check if any current content is available to see if the title is indeed indexed.
  • Ask! When in doubt, send an email to the Scopus Helpdesk and one of their Customer Service representatives they can let you know if that title is indexed (or is going to be indexed).

Recently, these titles have either never been included in Scopus OR have recently been discontinued in Scopus.

  • British Journal of Education and Science (ISSN 0309-1114) – never in Scopus
  • Academic Journal of Cancer Research (ISSN 1995-8943 / 2221-3422) – discontinued
  • Advances in Environmental Biology (ISSN 1995-0756 / 1998-1066) – discontinued
  • Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences (ISSN 1995-0772 /1998-1090) – discontinued
  • American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (ISSN 1995-0748 / 1998-1074) – discontinued
  • Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences (ISSN 1991-8178 / 309-8414) – discontinued
  • Global Journal of Pharmacology (ISSN 1992-0075 / 2221-3449) – discontinued
  • Global Veterinaria (ISSN 1992-6197 / 1999-8163) – discontinued
  • Journal of Applied Sciences Research (ISSN 1816-157X / 1819-544X) – discontinued
  • Life Science Journal (ISSN: 1097-8135 /2372-613X) – discontinued
  • Middle East Journal of Scientific Research (ISSN 1990-9233 / 1999-8147) – discontinued
  • World Applied Sciences Journal (ISSN 1818-4952 / 1991-6426) – discontinued
  • World Journal of Medical Sciences (ISSN 1817-3055 / 1990-4061) – discontinued

It is extremely difficult to judge the quality of a journal. However, here are two more lists (the so-called Beall’s lists) of presumably problematic journals and publishers that should better be avoided:


What are quartile ranking and which one do I choose for my application in RADIS?

Quartile ranking only from ISI web of knowldge/ISI Web of Science any ranking scheme from Scopus is not acceptable.

Journal Citation Ranking and Quartile Scores

Based on Impact Factor (IF) data, the Journal Citation Reports published by Thomson Reuters (see also here) provides yearly rankings of science and social science journals, in the subject categories relevant for the journal (in fact, there may be more than one).

Quartile rankings are therefore derived for each journal in each of its subject categories according to which quartile of the IF distribution the journal occupies for that subject category. Q1 denotes the top 25% of the IF distribution, Q2 for middle-high position (between top 50% and top 25%), Q3 middle-low position (top 75% to top 50%), and Q4 the lowest position (bottom 25% of the IF distribution). For example, the 2009 Impact Factor for the ACM TRANSACTIONS ON SENSOR NETWORKS is 1.938. Thus, the journal ranks 32-nd (out of 116 journals, Q2 quartile) in the subject category COMPUTER SCIENCE, INFORMATION SYSTEMS, while it ranks 11-th (out of 76 journals, Q1 quartile) in the subject category TELECOMMUNICATIONS.

Unfortunately, papers cannot be easily associated to a single ISI subject category (at least, not always), and one has therefore to consider the full range of quartile rankings of the journal. Following this line, a quartile score (indeed, a discrete distribution) is associated to any paper published in IF-ranked journals by uniformly distributing a unitary mass over the quartile rankings of the journal in which the paper was published (for that year). So, for example, papers published in 2009 in the IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS are given a quartile score of [Q1=1, Q2=0, Q3=0, Q4=0], since in the (unique) subject category ROBOTICS the journal ranks 2-nd out of 16 journals. On the other hand, a paper published in 2008 in COMPUTER METHODS AND PROGRAMS IN BIOMEDICINE would be given a quartile score of [Q1=0, Q2=1/2, Q3=1/4, Q4=1/4], since the journal ranks 41-st out of 94 journals (Q2) in COMPUTER SCIENCE, INTERDISCIPLINARY APPLICATIONS, 35-th out of 84 (Q2), in COMPUTER SCIENCE, THEORY & METHODS, 40-th out of 52 (Q4) in ENGINEERING, BIOMEDICAL, and 14-th out of 20 journals (Q3) in MEDICAL INFORMATICS.

How do I submit my paper for verification, or for publication in RADIS?  Is there a template available for my specific publication?

Visit the RADIS manual, which provides general guidelines regarding the submission of text and graphics, as well as templates, and instructions on how to submit publication materials. Most of the information is in the form of a convenient, downloadable PDF file.


I have a paper I would like to submit for publication, but I don’t know which publication category is appropriate. Can you help?

Index paper – Publication that indexed, listed and published in Scopus, Web of Science and ERA (Excellence in Research for Australia ) includes Proceedings and conference paper.

Non-Index – Publication (Article) that listed and published in any journal

Others Publication – Others publication than above category


Would you please send me an author verification manual?

Visit this Author verification manual


What are the acceptable formats for submitting graphics for my published paper and proof of publication?

Acceptable format in submitting attachment in RADIS will be in pdf. Format


What form will my verification copy take? Will it be e-mailed to me?

Every action made in RADIS will be emailed to the corresponding author or to the UTM First Author of the publication/published paper.


May I have an update as to the status of my submitted paper in RADIS?

Every update can be seen and update in the Publication–> list of action


incentive claims–> List of action


What are the acceptable formats for submitting graphics for my UTMFin incentive claim in claim details?

Please refer RADIS manual, page 29 on how to do incentive claim

When will my application for incentive be available for my review?

It will be available after the application of publication has been verified and it appears in incentive claim –list of action as the paper that eligible to claim.

When will I receive my incentive payment and how?

The incentive will be received within 2 week (Working day) after the status remarks as Approved send to Bendahari.

How if my publication still not indexed and published yet?

It can be input in RADIS and going to be checked for their journal acceptance and credibility such as their incoming volume, issues and pages. The publication will be verified for ELPPT but with status waiting for indexing either in Scopus or Web of Science.

What is Journal Citation Reports?

What is Journal Citation Reports?

Journal Citation Reports (JCR) is a resource tool published annually by Thomson Reuters (formerly ISI) to provide citation and publication data of academic journals in the science and social science fields.

For each year, there are two editions:

Science Edition – Over 8,000 journals in >170 subject categories

Social Sciences Edition - Over 2,600 journals in >55 subject categories

JCR covers journals indexed in the ”Science Citation Index Expanded” (SCI) and the ”Social Sciences Citation Index” (SSCI), the 2 journal citation indexes in “Web of Science” (WoS). However, JCR does not provide citation figures for journals indexed in the ”Arts and Humanities Citation Index” (A&HCI).

How to access JCR?

Access Journal Citation Report via this link: Journal Citation Reports

Note that JCR is also accessible as part of Web of Science – select “Journal Citation Reports” from the tool bar at the top of the screen


Select the edition you want (“Science” or “Social Sciences” Edition). Then, select your search option:

  • If you already have a title in mind, select “Search for a specific journal” to view the citation data and impact values of this journal.
  • If you want to identify top or influential journals within a subject discipline, select “View a group of journal by subject category”. Each journals in JCR is assigned to at least one subject category. Some journals appear in two or three categories.

Refer to the quick links under the “JCR search guides & tutorial” box on the right to access the search guide and tutorial to learn more about using JCR.

How to identify top journals in a subject discipline?

Aftering logging in JCR (or from the “Welcome” page), select your desired edition and year. Then choose to view a group of journals by subject category.


To select more than one subject category, use the “Ctrl” key. Then select “View journal data”. A list of journals in your selected categories will then be displayed.

Sort the list by “impact factor” so that journals with the highest impact factors will appear at the top.

What are “Impact Factor” (IF) and other JCR metrics?


Impact Factor (IF) is the average number of times articles from the journal published in the past two years have been cited in the reference year.For example, the IF for 2010 for Energy & Environment Scienceis:Cites in 2010 to items published in 2008 and 2009————————————————Number of items published in 2008 and 2009= 1575 / 166 = 9.488

Other JCR metrics:

  • 5-year Impact Factor – uses the cites in the reference year to items published in the past 5 years
  • Total Cites – shows the total number of citations to the journal in the reference year
  • Immediacy Index – shows how quickly articles in a journal are cited
  • Cited Half-life – tells you the publication history or change in format of a journal

Click a journal name in JCR to view detailed citation data of the journal.


Quartile Score:

Quartile Score

The value of an Impact Factor itself does not show you the relative importance of a journal. Instead, you have to compare the Impact Factors of journals in the same field to identify a journal’s impact.

The Quartile in Category or the Quartile Score, on the other hand, shows the relative location of a journal along the range of an Impact Factor distribution.

To view the Quartile Score of a journal, from a journal record, click on the button under “Journal Information”. Then you will see a table showing the ranking of this journal in its subject catagories based on Impact Factor.


The journal “Fuel Cells”, for example, ranks 18th out of 79 in the “Energy & fuels” category. It falls into the highest quartile (Q1) in this category and is among the top 25% of the IF distribution. In the “Electrochemistry” category, this journal ranks 8th out of 26 journals, a mid-high position, Q2, which donotes between top 50% and top 25% of the IF distribution.

Q3 denotes a middle-low position (top 75% to top 50%), and Q4 bottom position (bottom 25% of the IF distribution).

Some limitations of JCR Impact Factor

JCR Impact Factor has a long history of over 30 years and is still the most popularly used journal measure. However, it has its limitations:

- Limited number of journals indexed in Web of Science – Journals in A&HCI not covered; Some subject fields & non-English journals poorly covered
- Includes journal self-citation (i.e. citation by articles in the same journals)
- “Non-citable” items are not counted as published items, but citations in these items (even to the same journal) are counted. IF calculation can be easily manipulated
- Considers only the number of citations, but neglects different citation behavior among subject disciplines (e.g. publication frequency, length of reference list, number of authors)

You should therefore realize these limitations and use IF with caution.